Robert Sharp, PHD

Robert Sharp, PHD

Professor

Department : Civil & Environmental Engineering

Email : robert.sharp@manhattan.edu

Phone : 718-862-7169

Office : LEO 314

Education

PHD, Montana State U.-Billings
MS, University of New Mexico
BS, University of New Mexico

About

Robert is the Donald J. O'Connor Endowed Faculty Fellow of Environmental Engineering at Manhattan College, where he teaches and directs an externally funded research laboratory specializing in advanced water and wastewater treatment, biological regrowth and corrosion, and bioremediation. In addition, Robert Sharp is a process specialist for Hazen and Sawyer Engineers in New York City. He has a BS and MS in Civil Engineering from the University of New Mexico and a Ph.D. in Biofilm Engineering from The Center for Biofilm Engineering NYWEA

Robert Sharp runs an active bio-process research lab at Manhattan College, where both graduate and undergraduate research assistants carry out fundamental and applied research in the areas of biological nutrient removal, anaerobic digestion, resource recovery from wastewater, microbial ecology, pathogen disinfection and regrowth, plasmid stability, treatment of toxics, bioremediation and subsurface reactive transport. His research results are detailed in over 34 peer reviewed journal articles and has over 50 papers at national and international environmental conferences.

Research

  • WERF Exploratory team member  "Wastewater as a Resource." Report available from WERF Summer 2011.
  • WERF “WASTEWATER TREATMENT ANAEROBIC DIGESTER FOAMING PREVENTION AND CONTROL METHOD”.  Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF) Project # INFR1SG10 PI. Krishna Pagilla, IIT.
  • USEPA University Partnership "Contamination Warning System Demonstration Pilot Project".  PIs: Robert Sharp and Richard Carbonaro.  Funding Period: 5/2010 - 6/2011.
  • New York City DEP. “Corrosion Inhibitor Study”. PI. Robert Sharp.  Funding approved 5/09. Start Date: 6/2010 - 6/2011.
  • New York City DEP. "New York City Applied Biological Nitrogen Removal Research Program: PO-88." CH2M-Hill/Hazen and Sawyer/ Manhattan College. Budget: $7.5 million. Co-Research Director. Funding Period: 8/08 - 8/12.
  • New York City DEP. "Manganese Oxidizing Biofilm Characterization and Control Study." PIs: Robert Sharp and Richard Carbonaro.  Funding period: 8/08 - 8/10.
  • New York City DEP. "Impact of Chloramine Disinfection on Biological Regrowth and Corrosion in New York City's Drinking Water Distribution System." PI: Robert Sharp.  Funding period: 8/06 - 8/09.
  • Hazen and Sawyer/Stamford WPCF/Norwalk WPCF "Measuring and Characterizing Dissolved Organic Nitrogen at Advanced Wastewater Treatment Facilities." PI: Krishna Pagilla, Illinois Institute of Technology. Co-PI: Robert Sharp. Funding Period: 8/07 - 5/09NYC DEP. 
  • NYCDEP and CDM “Impact of Wastewater Characteristics on Disinfection Efficacy and Total Residual Chlorine.”  PI: Robert Sharp Funding Period: 2004-2006.
  • New York State Energy Research and Development Agency (NYSERDA) "Pilot Testing of an Innovative Small Footprint- High Efficiency BNR Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant for Production of Re-Use Quality Water.”  PI: Robert Sharp. Funding Period: 2004-2006.
  • NYCDEP. "Studies on the Source and Fate of Heavy Metals in Biosolids."  PI: Robert Sharp. Co-PI: Kyriacos Pierides. Funding Period: 1/2005 -12/2005.
  • USEPA and Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. “Inhibition of Biological Nitrogen Removal (BNR) at POTWs.” PIs: Robert Sharp, Manhattan College. Co-PI: Barth Smets, University of Connecticut.  PI: Robert Sharp.  Funding Period: 8/2003 - 5/2005.

Publications & Professional Activities

Recent Publications

  • Rosalyn Matthews, Robert R. Sharp and Paul Pitt. “Florida’s Numeric Nutrient Criteria and the Potential Importance of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen” WEF Conference on Nutrient Recovery and Management, 2011. (Invited Paper for special issue of the journal Water Environment Research).
  • Chakkrid Sattayatewa, Krishna Pagilla, Robert Sharp, and Paul Pitt “Fate of Organic Nitrogen in Four Wastewater Treatment Plants”. Journ. of Water Environment Research, V82, No. 12, pp. 2306-2325(10).
  • Sharp, R., N. Dubanowitz, C. Sattayatewa, K. Pagilla, P. Pitt and S. Murthy. “Biodegradability of Effluent Dissolved Organic Nitrogen: Impacts of Treatment Technology, Process Variables, and Other Effluent Water Quality Parameters”.  Water Environment Research (Invited paper, submitted 7/09).
  • Sattayatewa. C, K. Pagilla, R. Sharp, and P Pitt. C. “Organic Carbon and Nitrogen Fate in Biological Nitrogen Removal Plants.” IWA Journal of Water Science and Technology Accepted January 2010)
  • Sattayatewa. C.,  N. Dubanowitz, K. Pagilla, R. Sharp, P. Pitt, C. White, T. Bruton. “DON and CON in Seven BNR Wastewater Treatment Plant Processes and Effluents.” WEFTEC 2009.
  • Sharp R., Rosenfeldt, B., Laun, S., Becker, B., and Freud, S. “Lead Leaching from Lead Service Lines: Impact of Disinfection Type, Stagnation Time and Scale Chemistry.”  2009 AWWA Water Quality Technology Conference (WQTC) in Seattle, Washington, November 15-19, 2009
  • Robert Sharp and Paul Pitt, Co-Chairs of the WEFTEC 2009 workshop titled ” Sustainable Solutions for Utilities to Address Carbon Footprint and Resource Recovery.” 
  • Robert Sharp “Optimizing Nutrient Removal through Carbon Management and Beneficial Reuse”.  at WEFTEC 2009 workshop titled ” Sustainable Solutions for Utilities to Address Carbon Footprint and Resource Recovery.”
  • Sharp, R.R., et. al. “Leaching from Lead Service Lines: Impact of Disinfection Type, Stagnation Time and Scale Chemistry ”.  Presented at the American Water Works Association Water Quality and Technology Conference held in Seattle, Washington, November 2009.
  • Sharp, R.R., et. al. “Chlorine vs. Chloramine: Impact of Disinfection Residual Type on Metal Leaching and Corrosion in Low Alkalinity Water”.  Presented at the American Water Works Association Annual Conference and Exposition (ACE) held in San Diego, CA in June 2009.
  • Cunningham, A, R.R. Sharp, F.Caccavo and R. Gerlac. "Effects of Starvation on Bacterial Transport Through Porous Media." Jour. Advances Wat. Resources. Elsevier Press. 2007, V. 30; Iss. 6-7, pp. 1583-1592.
  • R. R. Sharp, J. Levinson, R. Gerlac, C. Groth and A.B. Cunningham. "Impacts of biofilm development on reactive transport in porous media under variable flow regimes." Biofilm Journal (Ab) (In Press).
  • Sharp, R., P. Stoodley, M. Adgie, and A. Cunningham. "Visualization and Characterization of dynamic patterns of flow, growth and activity of Vibrio fischeri biofilms growing in porous media." Wat. Sci. Tech. Vol. 52, No. 7, pp. 85-90 (2005)
  • R.R. Sharp. "Wastewater Management". Perry's Chemical Engineering Handbook, 8th Edition Eds. R. Perry and D. Green. McGraw-Hill, NY, NY. 2008.
  • Komlos, J., A. Cunningham, and R. Sharp. " Effect of Substrate Concentration on Dual-Species Biofilm Population Densities of Klebsiella oxytoca and Burkholderia cepacia in a Porous Media Flow-Through System." Biotechnol. Bioengeer. V. 93. No. 3. pp. 434-442.
  • Sharp, R.R., M. Dolphin, and G. Heslin. "Evaluation of Novel Membrane Bioreactor System for Water Reuse Applications in Urban Environments" Water Pollution Vol. 8 , pp. 249-259. WIT, London UK
  • J. Komlos, R. Sharp. A. Camper, and A. Cunningham. "Biofilm Barriers to Contain and Degrade Dissolved Trichloroethylene (TCE)." AIChE Journal of Environmental Progress. Vol. 23, No. 1, pp 69-77 (2004).
  • A Cunningham, R. Sharp, R. Heibert, and G. James. "Fundamentals and Applications of Starved Cell Sub-Surface Biological Barriers." Journal of Bioremediation. 7(4-3); 1 -13 (2004).
  • J. Komlos, A. Cunningham, A. Camper, and R. Sharp. "Interaction of Klebsiella oxytoca and Burkholderia cepacia in Dual-Species Batch Cultures and Biofilms as a Function of Growth Rate and Substrate Loading." Microbial Ecology. Vol. 49 pp. 114 - 125 (2005).
  • Sharp, R. B. Smets, C. Johnson, and J. Brown "A New Field Assay For Measuring And Characterizing Nitrification Inhibition." In Proc. WEF 10th Annual Specialty Conference on Industrial Wastes. August 22 - 25, 2004. Philadelphia, PA.
  • Sharp, R., P. Stoodley, M. Adgie, and A. Cunningham. "Visualization and Characterization of dynamic patterns of flow, growth and activity of Vibrio fischeri biofilms growing in porous media." Wat. Sci. Tech. Vol. 52, No. 7, pp. 85-90 (2005).
  • Sharp, R., G. James, A. Cunningham, and J. Komlos. "Novel Subsurface Biobarriers to Contain and Remediate Contaminated Ground Water." Contaminated Soils, Vol. 10, 2005.
  • Sharp, R., J. Heslin, M. Dolphin and N. Mehta. "Development of a Novel Wastewater Treatment System for Water Reuse Application." WEFTEC 2003. Vol. 82-E. Los Angeles, CA. 2003.
  • Sharp. R., M. Adgie, and A. Cunningham. "Influence of biofilm accumulation on flow and reactive transport in porous media." Geophys. Res. Ab. Vol. 5, 2003.
  • Sharp, R., R. Heibert, A. Cunningham, and G. James. "Demonstration of Starved Cell Subsurface Biofilm Barrier Technology." Contaminated Soil, Sediment & Water. Vol. 101, pp. 45 - 49. August, 2001.
  • Sharp, R., J. Crippen, D. Nickols, J. Schaefer, and A. Camper. "Use of Biofilm Based Methods to Evaluate Water Quality and Regrowth Potential of Treated Surface Waters." Journal of Environmental Engineering, Vol. 127, No. 5, pp. 403-410, May 2001.
  • Sharp, R., R. Gerlack, and A. Cunningham. "Microbial Transport Issues Related to Biobarrier Design and Development." Engineering Approaches for In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvent Contamination. Eds. A.M. Leeson and B. Alleman. Battelle Press, 2001.
  • Sharp, R.R. et al. "Transport Processes in and to the Biofilm: Thick Biofilm Accumulation and Structure In Porous Media and Effects on Mass Transport." Microbial Ecology Of Biofilms. Ed. Bruce Rittman. Oriented K.S. Press. Prague, CZ, 1999.
  • Komlos J., A. Cunningham, R. Sharp and A. Camper. "Enhancement of TCE Degradation Using a Dual-Species Bioreactor." Engineering Approaches for In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvent Contamination. Eds. A.M. Leeson and B. Alleman. Battelle Press, 2001.
  • Sharp, R., J. Komlos, J. Billmayer and A. Cunningham. "Observation of the Structure of Thick Biofilm Accumulation in Porous Media and the Corresponding Hydrodynamic and Mass Transfer Effects." Water Science and Technology, Vol. 39, No. 7, pp. 195-201, 1999.
  • Sharp, R., J. Bryers, and M. Shields. "Retention and Activity of pTOM31c the Transconjugant Pseudomonas cepacia 17616 in Suspended Cultures." Biotechnol. Bioengineer. Vol 57:3, February 1998.
  • Sharp, R., J. Bryers, and W. Jones. "Retention and Activity of pTOM31c the Transconjugant Pseudomonas cepacia 17616 in Biofilm Cultures." Biotechnol. Bioengineer. Vol. 59:3, August 1998.
  • Bryers, J. and R. Sharp. "Retention and Expression of Recombinant Plasmids in Suspended and Biofilm-Bound Bacteria Degrading Trichloroethene (TCE)." Water Science and Technology. Vol. 36. No. 10, pp. 1 - 8, 1997.
  • Bryers, J. D. and Sharp, R.R. "Comparison of Retention and Expression of Recombinant Plasmids Between Suspended and Biofilm-bound Bacteria Degrading TCE", Immobilized Cells: Basics and Applications, R.H. Wijffels, R.M. Buitelaar, Burke, C., and J. Tramper (Eds.), Elsevier Science B.V., pp. 239-248, (1996).
  • Sturman, P.J., R.R. Sharp, J.B. DeBar, P.S. Stewart, A.B. Cunningham, and J.H. Wolfram, "Scale-up Implications of Respirometrically Determined Microbial Kinetics Parameters," Applied Biotechnology for Site Remediation, R.E. Hinchee, D.B. Anderson, F.B. Meeting Jr. and G.D. Sayles (Eds.), CRC Press, p. 300-304 (1994).

Conference and Chort-Course Organizer and Chair

  • Workshop Co-Chair, WEFTEC 2009.  Workshop: Sustainable Solutions for Utilities to Address Carbon Footprint and Resource Recovery. October 11, 2009.
  • Program Co-Director. Annual Summer Institute for Water Pollution Control. Manhattan College, Riverdale, NY 2003 - 2009.
  • Poster Session Chair. Gordon Conference - Environmental Sciences. "Chemical Reactivity and Bioavailability in Environmental Systems: Assessing the State of the Science for Metals and Organic Chemicals." Holderness School, Plymouth, NH. June 23-28, 2002
  • Program Co-Director. 48th Annual Summer Institute for Water Pollution Control. Manhattan College, Riverdale, NY, June 7-11, 2003.
  • Conference Organizer and Co-Chair. Second Annual IBC Conference on Subsurface Barrier Technologies, Scottsdale, AZ. February 2-3, 1999.
  • Conference Co-organizer, Co-Chair and presenter. First Annual IBC Conference on Subsurface Barrier Technologies, La Paloma Resort, Tucson AZ. January 25-26, 1998.

Editor and Committee Reviewed Conference Proceedings

  • Sattayatewa. C, K. Pagilla, R. Sharp, and P Pitt. C. “Organic Carbon and Nitrogen Fate in Biological Nitrogen Removal Plants.”  IWA 2nd Specialized Conference: Nutrient Management in Wastewater Treatment Plants.  June 6-9, 2009. Krakow, Poland.
  • Sharp, R., N. Dubanowitz, C. Sattayatewa, K. Pagilla, P. Pitt and S. Murthy. “Biodegradability of Effluent Dissolved Organic Nitrogen: Impacts of Treatment Technology, Process Variables, and Other Effluent Water Quality Parameters”.  WEF Nutrient Removal Conference  2009. Washington D.C., July 1st, 2009.
  • Sharp, R.R, C, Glaser, B. Rosenfeldt, Salome Freud, and W. Becker. “Chlorine Vs. Chloramine: Impact of Disinfection Residual Type on Metal Leaching and Corrosion in Low Alkalinity Waters.” AWWA ACE 2009, San Diego CA.
  • Sattayatewa, Sharp, R., N. Dubanowitz, K. Pagilla, and P. Pitt. “Fate of Organic Nitrogen in Seven BNR Wastewater Treatment Plants”. WEF Nutrient Removal Conference  2009. Washington D.C., July 1st, 2009
  • Porro, J., J. Brown, R. R. Sharp, and N. Dubanowitz. "Method development for determining the Biodegradability of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen in the Stamford WPCA Effluent". WEFTEC 2008.
  • Sharp, R.R, C, Glaser, B. Rosenfeldt, and W. Becker. Switching to Chloramines in the New York City Water System: Impacts on Lead and Copper Leaching, Corrosion, and Regrowth. In Proc. AWWA-WQTC. Charlotte, NC. 2007.
  • Sharp R.R., E. Coleman, B. Gaylord, and B. Rosenfeldt. "Impact of Switching from Chlorine to Chloramine on Regrowth & Corrosion of Various Distribution Materials." AWWA Research Symposium. Distribution Systems: The Next Frontier. Reno, Nevada, March 2-3, 2007.
  • Sharp, R., A. Cunningham, and R. Gerlach. "Use of Bioluminescence to Study Reactive Solute Transport and Biofilm Growth and Activity in Porous Media" 2004 AGU Annual Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Ca. Dec. 13 - 17, 2004.
  • Sharp, R., A.Cunningham, and J, Komlos. "Development of a Subsurface Biobarrier to Contain and Remediate TCE Contaminated Ground Water." In Proc. Sixth International Symposium and Exhibition on Environmental Contamination in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Prague CR, September 1-4, 2003.
  • A. B. Cunningham, R. Sharp, M. Adgie, R. Hiebert and G. James. 2003. "Subsurface Biofilm Barriers For Containment And Remediation Of Contaminated Groundwater." Presented at and in Proc. of INRA 2003 Subsurface Science Symposium. Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Sharp, R., J. Heslin, M. Dolphin and N. Mehta. "Development of a Novel Wastewater Treatment System for Water Reuse Application (83E)." In Proc. WEFTEC, Los Angeles, 2003.
  • Sharp, R., P. Stoodley, M. Adgie, and A. Cunningham. "Visualization and Characterization of dynamic patterns of flow, growth and activity of Vibrio fischeri biofilms growing in porous media." In Proc. IWA Biofilms 2004: Structure and Activity of Biofilms. 24-26 October 2004 - Las Vegas, NV, USA.
  • Sharp. R., M. Adgie, and A. Cunningham. "Influence of biofilm accumulation on flow and reactive transport in porous media." In Proc. Eurpoean Geophysical Union - American Geophysical Union Joint Assembly. Nice, France. April, 2003.
  • Cunningham, A. and R. Sharp. " Subsurface Biofilm Barriers: An Emerging Technology For Containment And Remediation Of Contaminated Aquifers." In Proc. American Geophysical National Meeting, Washington D.C., May 28-31, 2002.
  • Sharp, R., R. Heibert, A. Cunningham, and G. James. "Development and Demonstration of Starved Cell Subsurface Biofilm Barrier Technology". In Proc. AEHS First International Congress on Petroleum Contamination. London, UK, August 17, 2001.
  • Sharp, R., A. Camper, N. Zebrowski, and J. Herzner. "Use of Biofilm Methods to Study the Effects of Primary and Sequential Disinfection Processes on Drinking Water Biostability". In Proc. AWWA, Water Quality and Technology Conference, Salt Lake City, UT, November 5 - 9, 2000.
  • Sharp, R. and J. Bryers, "Cell Injury and Toxicity Caused by Continuous Exposure to TCE." In Proc. American Society of Microbiology Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, June 1-4, 1999.
  • Sharp, R., G. Zornes, A. O'Conner, A. Camper, K. Muller, L. VandeVeter, and S. Leggiero. "Use of Biofilm Methods to Evaluate Piloting Studies and the Effects of Design and Operation Parameters on Biological Stability." In Proc. American Water Works Association, Water Quality and Technology Conference. Tampa Bay, FL, October, 1999.
  • Faber, W., R. Sharp and P. Calatozza. "Factors Affecting the Culture of Heliobacter pylori: An Emerging Waterborne Pathogen." In Proc. American Water Works Association, International Symposium on Waterborne Pathogens, Milwaukee WI, August 31- September 1, 1999.
  • Komlos, J., R. Sharp and A. Cunningham. "Feasibility of Enhancing the Persistence and Activity of a Non-Mucoid Reactive Bacterial Population in Porous Media." In Proc. KSU Great Plains/Rocky Mountain HSRC-EPA Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO, May 25 -27, 1999.
  • Sharp, R., J. Crippen, A. O'Connor. A. Camper, J. Schaefer. D. Nichols, and D. Silverman. "Assessing the Biostability of Drinking Water using Biofilm Based Techniques." In Proc. AWWA Annual Conference, Dallas Convention Center, June 21 - June 25, 1998.
  • Komlos, J., A. Cunningham, A. Camper and R. Sharp. "Effect of Substrate Concentration on Population Dynamics in a Multi-Species Biofilm." In Proc. KSU Great Plains/Rocky Mountain HSRC-EPA Annual Haz-Waste Conference, Denver, CO. May 20 -23, 2000.
  • Sharp, R., J. Bryers, M. Shields, and W. Jones. "Retention and Expression of pTOM31c in the Transconjugant Pseudomonas cepacia 17616 in Suspended and Biofilm Cultures." In Proc. The Third International In-Situ and On-site Bioreclamation Symposium, San Diego, CA, April 24-27, 1995.

Ph.D. Dissertation

  • "Feasibility of Applying pTOM31c to a TCE Biofilm Reactor." Department of Civil/Environmental Engineering, Montana State University, December, 1995.

Master’s Thesis

  • "Correlating Hydrogenase Activity of Sulfate-reducing Bacteria to Rates of Microbially Induced Corrosion." Civil Engineering Department, University of New Mexico, December, 1991.

 

Other

Robert Sharp has been working with Hazen and Sawyer on a USAID project to select and design a secondary wastewater treatment plant for Dakar, Senegal.  This treatment plant will be only the second treatment plant in Senegal and will serve over a million residents.

Robert Sharp has been working with Hazen and Sawyer on a World Bank funded project to design a secondary wastewater treatment plant for the city of Bogota, Colombia.  This plant will be the first secondary treatment plant in Bogota, a city of 9 million people.

Courses Taught/Teaching

CEEN 305      Environmental Engineering Principles II
ENGS 115      Introduction to Engineering
ENVG 506      Water and Wastewater Treatment Processes
ENVG 507      Geohydrology
ENVG 718      Biological Treatment Wastewaters
ENVG 721      Regulatory and Engineering Aspects of Water and Residuals Reuse
ENVG 731      Special Topics
ENVL 408      Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Design
ENVL 410      Hazardous Waste Design
ENVL 506      Water and Wastewater Treatment Processes
ENVL 507      Geohydrology

Personal Website

http://www.robertsharp.us/Robert_Sharp_Web_Site/Welcome.html