Evelyn Scaramella

Assistant Professor

Modern Languages & Literatures

I am currently working on a book manuscript, Translating Republican Resistance: Anglophone and Hispanophone Writers during the Spanish Civil War. This project examines the politicization of the Spanish avant-garde and the role of translation in literary production during the years preceding, during, and following the Spanish Civil War. Bilingual Spanish, American, and British writers at the Alliance of Antifascist Intellectuals— including Langston Hughes, Muriel Rukeyser, Nancy Cunard, Rolfe Humphries, Edwin Rolfe, Rafael Alberti, María Teresa León, Manuel Altolaguirre, Concha Méndez, Zenobia Camprubí, Luis Cernuda, Ernestina de Champourcín, and Constancia de la Mora—used the translation of literary texts in Spanish and English to foster international awareness of the Republican cause. I study how translation was more than a simple linguistic exercise in transferring tone and idiom from one language to another. Rather, translation had the power to forge a communal bond between writers with collective political purpose, particularly during periods of war or intense change. I investigate how translation became a literary as well as a political strategy to ensure the publicity and preservation of the Republican fight abroad. The collaboration between, translation of, and anthologizing of Republican writers in residence at the Alliance between 1936 and 1939 became a means of creating an archive to ensure that the antifascist literary legacy survived the destruction of war. I explore the complex network of bilingual Republican supporters—modernist writers, politicians, and soldiers—who resided in and passed through the Alliance of Antifascist Intellectuals. Presently, there is no comprehensive study of Spanish-English and English-Spanish translation as an act of Republican resistance during the Spanish Civil War and post-war period.


  • PHD, Yale University
  • MA, Dartmouth College
  • BA, Bowdoin College

Courses Taught

SPAN 101      Spanish for Beginners I
SPAN 102      Spanish for Beginners II
SPAN 201      Spanish for Communication I
SPAN 202      Spanish for Communication II
SPAN 303      Spanish Culture Through Film
SPAN 351      Masterworks in Spanish

SPAN 420      Representations of the Spanish Civil War in Hispanic Literature and Film

LLRN 102      Classical Origins of Western Civilization

  • Research
    • Contemporary Peninsular Literature and Culture, 19th – 21st centuries: the Generation of 1927, the Spanish Civil War, poetry, autobiography, historiography, film studies
    • Comparative Literature: translation studies, the internationalism of the Harlem Renaissance, the black diaspora in the Hispanic world, transatlantic modernist and avant-garde poetry, intersections between Hispanophone and Anglophone authors
  • Publications and Scholarly Activities
    • "Recovering the Ruins of al-Andalus: Convivencia, Sephardism, and the Spanish Avant-Garde, 1920-1936." The Challenge of Modernity: Avant-Garde Cultural Practices in Spain (1914-1936). Rodopi Press (Forthcoming)
    • “Literary Liaisons: Translating the Avant-Garde from Spain to Harlem.” Translation Review 81, Spring 2011
    • “Past and Present Politics: Visions of the romances fronterizos in García Lorca’s Romancero gitano.” Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association, Fall 2009

    Presentations In National Academic Conferences:

    • "Translating the Spanish Civil War: Langston Hughes, Madrid, and the Alliance of Antifascist Intellectuals." American Comparative Literature Association Annual Convention, University of Toronto, April 4-7 2013 (Forthcoming)
    • "Wars of Words and Images: Photography and the Politicization of the Avant-Garde in 1930s Spain." American Comparative Literature Association Annual Convention, Brown University, March 31-April 1, 2012.
    • "Recovering the Ruins of al-Andalus: Sephardic and Arabic Identity in Modern Spanish Colonial Texts." Northeast Modern Language Association Annual Convention, Rochester, NY, March 16-18, 2012.
    •   “Agitprop Painting at the MoMA: Luis Quintanilla, The Spanish Civil War, and the ‘Lost Generation’.” “The City and Hispanic Literatures” Symposium, Lehman College-CUNY, April 1-2, 2011.
    • “Searching for al-Andalus: Empire, Arabism, and Federico García Lorca’s Diván del Tamarit.American Comparative Literature Association Annual Convention, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 1-4, 2010
    •   “From Black Internationalism to Anti-Fascism: Langston Hughes and Rafael Alberti in Mexico City.”  Northeast Modern Language Association Annual Convention, McGill University, April 7-11, 2010
    • “Remembering al-Andalus: Representations of Race during the Spanish Civil War.Kentucky Foreign Language Conference, Lexington, KY, April 16-18, 2009.
    • “(Mis)Understanding Spain: The Curious Critical Reception of Federico García Lorca in the U.S.”  American Comparative Literature Association Annual Convention, Harvard University, March 26-29, 2009.
    • “Peripheral Modernisms: New York, The Harlem Renaissance, and the Hispanic World.” Northeast Modern Language Association Annual Convention, Boston University, February 26-March 1, 2009.
    • “Visions of the romances fronterizos in García Lorca’s Romancero gitano.Midwest Modern Language Association Annual Convention, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, November 13-16, 2008.
    • “Cartographies of Crossing:  (Re)Writing Self and History in the Poetry of Federico García Lorca and Langston Hughes.”  Southern Comparative Literature Association Annual Convention, Auburn University, October 2-4, 2008.
  • Professional Experience and Memberships

    Professional Memberships

    • Modern Language Association (MLA)
    • American Comparative Literature Association (ACLA)
    • Northeast Modern Language Association (NeMLA)
  • Honors, Awards, and Grants

    Honors & Awards

    • Yale University Prize Teaching Fellowship 2008-2009 for excellence in undergraduate teaching 


    • Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, Archival Research Fellowship (Summer 2008)
    • Paul C. Gignilliat Dissertation Fellowship, Yale University (2008-2009)
    • Yale University Graduate School Fellowship (2004-2008)
    • Dartmouth College Graduate School Fellowship (2003-2004)