Bruce Shockey

Professor, Biology


  • PHD, University of Florida
  • MS, University of Florida
  • MA, Western Carolina University
  • BA, University of Florida

Courses Taught

  • BIOL 103      Introduction to Biology
  • BIOL 112      General Biology II
  • BIOL 116      Principles of Biology II
  • BIOL 207      Anatomy and Physiology I
  • BIOL 222      Biology for Engineers
  • BIOL 231      Evolution
  • BIOL 232      Evolution Laboratory
  • BIOL 301      Comparative Chordate Anatomy
  • BIOL 320      Animal Physiology
  • BIOL 360      Independent Study in Biology
  • BIOL 404      Biology Colloquium (We)
  • BIOL 460      Independent Study in Biology


  • Research
    • Mammals of the late Oligocene of South America (with Federico Anaya, University of Tomas Frias, Potosí, Bolivia).
    • Geology and Paleontology of the middle Eocene of Wyoming (with Kaori Tsukui and John Flynn, American Museum of Natural History).
  • Publications and Scholarly Activities


    • Shockey, B. J. and Anaya, F.  2010.  New late Oligocene sloth of Bolivia and the radiation of soths as a component of the South American Eocene – Oligocene faunal turnover. Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 18(2): 101-115.
    • Orlando, L., J. Metcalf, M.T. Alberdi, B. Hopwood, M. Telles-Antunes, D. Bonjean, M. Otte, F. Martin, V. Eisenmann, M. Mashkour, F. Morello, J. L. Prado, R. Salas-Gismondi, B.J. Shockey, P.J. Wrinn, S. K Vasil’ev, N. D. Olodov, M. I. Cherry, B. Hopwood, D. Male, J. Austin, C Hanni, and A. Cooper.  2009.  Revising the recent evolutionary history of equids using ancient DNA.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 106(51):21754-21759.
    • Shockey, B. J., R. Salas-Gismondi, F. Pujos, P. Baby, J.-L. Guyot, M.C. Baltazar, L. Huaman, Clack, A., M. Stucchi, and J.J. Flynn.  2009. New Pleistocene Cave Faunas of the Andes of Central Peru: radiocarbon ages and the survival of low latitude, Pleistocene DNA.  Palaeontologia Electronica 12.3.15A. (15 pp.)
    • Shockey, B. J., Salas, R., Gans, P., Flynn, J.J. 2009.  Paleontology and geochronology of the Deseadan (late Oligocene) of Moquegua, Perú.  American Museum Novitates 3668: 1-24.
    • Stucchi, M., R. Salas-Gismondi, P. Baby, J.-L. Guyot, and B. J. Shockey.  2009.  A 6,000+ year old spectacled bear from an Andean cave in Peru.  Ursus 20(1): 63-68.
    • Shockey, B.J.  2009.  The X-Book.  Journal of Mammalian Evolution 16(2): 139-142.
    • Shockey, B. J. and F. Anaya.  2008.  Postcranial osteology of mammals of Salla, Bolivia (late Oligocene): Form, function, and phylogeny.  In E. J. Sargis and M. Dagosto, Eds. Mammalian Evolutionary Morphology: a tribute to Frederick S. Szalay, pp. 135-157.  Springer, AA Dordrecht, The Neitherlands.
    • Shockey, B. J. and Flynn, J. J.  2007.  Morphological diversity in the postcranial skeleton of ?middle to late Eocene (Casamayoran) notoungulates and the evolution of foot posture in notoungulates.  Novitates 3601:1-27.
    • Shockey, B.J., D. Croft, F. Anaya Daza.  2007 Analysis of function in absence of extant functional homologues: A case study with mesotheriid notoungulates. Paleobiology 33(2): 227-247.
    • Shockey, B.J., R. Salas, R. Quispe, A. Flores, E. J. Sargis, J. Acosta, A. Pino, N. Jarica, and M. Urbina.  2006.  Discovery of Deseadan fossils in the Upper Moquegua Formation (late Oligocene - ?early Miocene) of southern Peru. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26:205-208.
    • Shockey, B.J.  2005.  New leontiniids (Class Mammalia, Order Notoungulata, Family Leontiniidae) from the Salla Beds of Bolivia (Deseadan, Late Oligocene).  Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 45(4): 255-266.
    • Shockey, B.J., R. Hitz, M. Bond.  2004.  Paleogene notoungulates of the Amazon Basin of Peru.  Los Angeles County Museum, Contributions in Science 40:61-69.
    • Shockey, B.J. and F. Anaya Daza.  2004.  Pyrotherium macfaddeni sp. nov. and the pedal morphology of pyrotheres.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24:484-491.
    • Shockey, B.J.  2001.  Specialized knee joints in some extinct, endemic, South American Herbivores.  Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 46: 145-156.
    • Shockey, B.J.  1999.  Postcranial osteology and functional morphology of Litopterna of Salla, Bolivia.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19(2):385-392.
    • Shockey, B.J. 1999 A snap-shot of life on an ancient island continent.  Journal of Biogeography, 26(1): 193-4.  (Review of Kay et al. [Eds.] 1997, Vertebrate Paleontology in the Neotropics:  The Miocene Fauna of La Venta, Colombia)
    • Shockey, B.J.  1997.  Two new notoungulates (Family Notohippidae) from the Salla Beds of Bolivia (Deseadan:  Late Oligocene):  systematics and functional morphology.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 17(3): 584 - 599.
    • MacFadden, B.J. and B.J. Shockey.  1997.  Ancient feeding ecology and niche differentiation of Pleistocene mammalian herbivores from Tarija, Bolivia: Morphological and isotopic evidence.  Paleobiology 23(1): 77-100.

    Conference Papers

    • Anaya, F., B.J. Shockey, and D. Croft.  2010.  Sparassodonts of Salla, Bolivia.
    • Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (Abstract). (Presented in Pittsburgh, PA, October 2010)
    • Shockey B.J., J.J. Flynn, D.A. Croft, A.R. Wyss, and A. Neinast. 2009.  Phylogenetic analysis of relationships among traditional families of Notoungulata using postcranial characters.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. (Presented in Bristol, UK, Sept. 09)
    • Danaher, K., Shockey, B.J., M. Mihlbachler. 2009. Perissodactyl patellae: morphological variation and phylogenetic significance of a neglected element. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. (Presented in Bristol, UK, Sept. 09)
    • Shockey, Bruce J., Mihlbachler, Matthew, Solounias, Nikos, and Hayes, Patrick.  2008 [abstract].  Functional morphology of the knee in rhinos and the evolution of knee locking mechanisms among rhinocerotoid perissodactyls.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28(3): 142A. (Presented in Cleveland, OH, 18 Oct. 2008.)
    • Kearney, Kellyn and B.J. Shockey.  2008 [abstract]. Oldest cranium of a horned armadillo (Peltephilidae, late Oligocene, Bolivia): Clues regarding basal cingulate morphology.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28(3): 99A. (Presented in Cleveland, OH, 16 Oct. 2008.)
    • Shockey, B.J., R. Salas, F. Pujos, J.-P. Guyot, P. Baby.  2007.  Pleistocene cave
    • faunas from the Andes of central Perú: a glimpse of Andean life of the Great America Biotic Interchange.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26(3): 145-146. (Presented in Austin, TX, 17 Oct. 2007.)
    • Shockey, B.J., F. Anaya, D. Croft, and R. Salas.  2005.  New Mammals from Salla, Bolivia (late Oligocene).  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology  (Presented in Mesa, AZ, 24 Oct. 2005.)
    • Shockey, B.J., D. Croft, and F. Anaya.  2004.  Distinctive fossorial modification in some notoungulates: postcranial functional anatomy of mesotheres (Order Notoungulata; Family Mesotheriidae).  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24(3):  (Presented in Denver, CO)
    • Shockey, B.J., R. Salas, E.J. Sargis, R. Quispe, A. Flores, J. Acosta, A. Pino, and N. Jarica.  2003. Moquegua: the first Deseadan South American Land Mammal “Age” Local Fauna of Peru.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 23(3): 97A.  (Presented in St. Paul, MN)
    • Shockey, B.J.  2002. Pyrotherium of Salla (Late Oligocene of Bolivia) and the pedal morphology of pyrotheres. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 22(3): 77A. (Presented in Norman, OK)
    • Anaya, F. and Shockey, B.J.  (Editors)  1999.  Programa y Resumenes del Congreso Internacional:  Evolución Neotropical del Cenozoico, pp. 1 – 57.
    • Shockey, B.J.  1999.  Larger bodied ungulates from the Salla Beds of Bolivia.  Evolución Neotropical del Cenozoico p. 40 (Presentation given in Spanish in La Paz, Bolivia)
    • Anaya, F. and Shockey, B.J.  1999.  Geology and Paleontology of the Pleistocene Beds of Mojotorillo (Dept. Potosí), Bolivia. Evolución Neotropical del Cenozoico, p. 8.
    • Shockey, B.J. 1998.  Putative knee locks in some extinct, endemic, South American herbivores. VII Congreso Argentino de Paleontología y Bioestratigrafía. (Presentation given in Spanish in Bahia Blanca, Argentina)
    • Shockey, B.J.  1997. Locomotory adaptations in Late Oligocene mammals of Bolivia.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 17(3) Supplement: 76A. (Presented in Chicago, IL)
    • Shockey, B.J.  1995.  Notohippid skeleton from the Salla Beds of Bolivia (Late Oligocene). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 15(3) Supplement: 53A. (Presented in Pittsburgh, PA)
    • Shockey, B.J.  1994.  Relative tooth crown height and muzzle morphology in Family Notohippidae (Order Notoungulata).  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 14(3) Supplement: 46A. (Presented in Seattle, Washington)
  • Professional Experience and Memberships

    Professional Experience

    • Research Associate, American Museum of Natural History [Nov. 2007 – present]
    • Frick Research Fellow, American Museum of Natural History  (May 2006-Aug 07)
    • Research Associate, Florida Museum of Natural History, U. F. (2004-present)
    • Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Zoology, University of Florida (2004-2006)
    • Visiting Assistant Professor, Valdosta State University, Valdosta, GA (2003-2004)
    • Assistant Professor of Biology, New Jersey City University, Jersey City (1999 to 2003)
    • Fulbright Scholar to the Museo Nacional de Historia Natural (MNHN), La Paz, Bolivia  (Feb. 1998-Nov. 1998)  Education, fieldwork, & research in paleontology and morphology
    • NSF International Research Fellow to the Museo Nacional de Historia Natural  (Aug.1997-Jan. 1998 and Dec. 1998-June 1999) Conducted fieldwork in the Andes, curated fossil collections, and conducted research regarding functional morphology.


    • Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (member of Program Committee)
  • Honors, Awards, and Grants

    Honors & Awards

    • Professor of the Year (2002) New Jersey City University
    • Oliver Austin Medal (1997-98) for accomplishments in museum based research.
    • Bryan Patterson Award (1996) for fieldwork in Bolivia.


    • Summer Grant-Manhattan College, Summer 2009, fieldwork in Wyoming
    • National Geographic Research & Exploration Grant, 2006-2007 fieldwork in Peru
    • National Geographic Research & Exploration Grant, 2003-2004 fieldwork in Peru
    • Separately Budgeted Research, 2000 & 2001: To conduct fieldwork in Bolivia & Peru
    • NSF-International Programs (1999) (with B. MacFadden): For congress in Bolivia
    • National Science Foundation International Research Fellowship, 1997 & 1999
    • Fulbright Scholar to Bolivia (1998)
    • Thomas J. Dee Fund (1994) for studies at the Field Museum of Natural History
    • Sigma Xi: Aid in Research Grant: 1993, for paleoecology studies
    • Collection Study Grant: American Museum of Natural History, 1993