Environmental Sciences

Involved Faculty

  • Michael Judge: PhD, Professor of Biology-Research in water flow, bivalve ecosystem engineers, and sediment and metal toxicology in estuarine crustaceans


  • Judge, M.L., M.L Botton, and M.G. Hamilton. 2011.  Physiological consequences of the supralittoral fringe: microhabitat temperature profiles and stress protein levels in the tropical periwinkle Cenchritis muricatus (Linneaus, 1758). Hydrobiologia, 675: 143-156.  DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0812-3. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Coen, L.D., B.R. Dumbauld, and M.L. Judge. 2011.  Expanding shellfish aquaculture: a review of the ecological services provided by and impacts of native and cultured bivalves in shellfish-dominated ecosystems. Chpt 9 in: Shellfish Aquaculture and the Environment, edited by S.E.Shumway, Wiley-Blackwell, 528p. (ISBN: 978-0-8138-1413-1) (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • O’Connor, N.J. and M.L. Judge. 2010. Molting of megalopae of the Asian shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus in intertidal habitats of Northeastern North America. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 385: 92-97. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Judge, M.L., R. Duell, L. Burriesci, and W. Moarsi. 2009.  Life in the supralittoral fringe: microhabitat choice, mobility and growth in the tropical periwinkle Cenchritis (=Tectarius) muricatus (Linneaus, 1758). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 369: 148–154. DOI:10.1016/j.jembe.2008.11.004  (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • O’Connor, NJ, Judge, ML, 2004. Molting of fiddler crab Uca minax megalopae: stimulatory cues are specific to salt marshes. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 282: 229-236. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • O'Connor, N.J. and M.L. Judge. 1999.  Cues in salt marshes stimulate molting of fiddler crab Uca pugnax megalopae: more evidence from field experiments. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 181:131-139.
  • Judge, M.L. and S.F. Craig. 1997. Positive flow dependence in the initial colonization of a fouling community: results from in situ water current manipulations. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 210: 209-222. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • O'Connor, N.J. and M.L. Judge. 1997. Flexibility in timing of molting of fiddler crab megalopae: evidence from in situ manipulation of cues. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 146(1-3): 55-60. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Xie, K.Y., D.C. Locke, D. Habib, M. Judge, and C. Kriss. 1997. Environmental chemical impact of recycled plastic timbers used in the Tiffany Street Pier, South Bronx, New York. Resources, Conservation, and Recycling, 21:199-211  (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Levinton, J.S., D.E. Martinez, M.M. McCartney, and M.L. Judge. 1995.  The effect of water flow on movement, burrowing, and distributions of the gastropod Ilyanassa obsoleta in a tidal creek. Marine Biology 122: 417-424. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Levinton, J.S., M.L. Judge, and J.P. Kurdziel. 1995. Functional differences between the major and minor claws of fiddler crabs (Uca, family Ocypodidae, Order Decapoda, Subphylum Crustacea). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 193: 147-160. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Judge, M.L., L.D. Coen, and K.L. Heck, Jr. 1993. Does Mercenaria mercenaria encounter elevated food levels in seagrass beds?: results from a novel technique to collect suspended food resources, Marine Ecology Progress Series 92: 141-150. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Levinton, J.S. and M.L. Judge. 1993. The relationship of closing force to body size for the major claw of Uca pugnax (Decapoda: Ocypodidae), Functional Ecology 7: 339-345. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Judge, M.L., L.D. Coen, and K.L. Heck, Jr. 1992. The effect of long-term alteration of in situ water currents on the growth of Mercenaria mercenaria in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Limnology and Oceanography 37: 1550-1559.  (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Quinn, J.F., C.L. Wolin, and M.L. Judge. 1989. An experimental analysis of patch size, habitat subdivision, and extinction in a marine intertidal snail. Conservation Biology 3: 242-251. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Judge, M.L., J.F. Quinn, and C.L. Wolin. 1988. Variability in recruitment of Balanus glandula (Darwin, 1854) along the central California coast. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 119: 235-251. (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Judge, M.L. 1988. The effects of increased drag on Lottia gigantea (Sowerby, 1834) foraging behavior. Functional Ecology 2: 363-369.  (JUDGE, MICHAEL)


  • Role of thermal load and desiccation on tropical snail behavior, growth and survival  (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Effects of water flow on shellfish growth and bivalve ecosystem engineers  (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Sediment and metal toxicology in estuarine crustaceans  (JUDGE, MICHAEL)
  • Role of sediment cues on molting of fiddler crab and Asian shore crab megalopae  (JUDGE, MICHAEL)

Courses Offered

  • BIOL 223 - Ecology
  • BIOL 409 - Marine Biology
  • BIOL 431 - Freshwater Ecology
  • BIOL 432 - Estuarine and Coastal Ecology
  • SCI 210 - Introductory Oceanography
  • SCI 202 - Introduction Geology
  • SCI 323 - Topics in Applied Conservation